Sunday, December 26, 2010

Brass Uke

I've been working with hammered metal lately on a few of my art projects.  I really like the curves that you can get out of it and the hammering is quite therapeutic.  I'm not sure exactly where I got the idea, but one day it dawned on me that I could make a really nice  archtop guitar out of metal.  But a guitar is big and the parts are expensive, especially if you don't know if it's actually going to work.  Then I remembered that I had an old Ukulele that I made from a kit hanging around...

I never play it, so thought it would be a good candidate for upcycling.  First step, disassemble.
It was glued together, so putting the sound hole over a kettle loosened it up quite quickly.  I'm saving the neck, bridge and fingerboard.
Next I bent up a piece of copper wire in the shape that I wanted the body.  Copper wire is easy to get nice curves out of, much better than my drawing skills.

Traced it on to paper...

and then traced that on to another to get 2 identical halves, as a test.

Compared it to my favorite guitar (60's  Hoffner archtop slimline) to make sure it looked well proportioned.  The Hoffner will be the prototype for the future guitar.
I then took the original paper and traced that on to a sheet of brass.

The trick is to get the 2 halves as symmetrical as possible and back and front identical.

I then took it in to our metal shop at work and cut it out with a set of battery powered shears, punching a hole in the center.

Then a whole lot of pounding.  I like to work on a piece of pine that has a hammer divot in it with a fairly light hammer.  Make sure to mark the sides so they fit together properly since there will always be some asymmetry.

While I was pounding out the contour, it started to turn into a potato chip, so I flipped it over periodically and pounded a reverse curve around the edge.  Took about an hour for each side.  Make sure your wife is out of earshot for this step.

The next plan was to bend a piece of copper pipe for the sides and solder the whole thing together.

This did not work out well.  Without a jig it's really hard to get a smooth curve while keeping the edge a consistent thickness.

So I ended up getting a piece of oak and cutting the shape out with a jigsaw.  This worked out rather well, as I'm able to just screw the neck, back and front to the oak.  Unfortunately fall set in at this point and I got really busy with house related things (building a breezeway, draining the irrigation system, putting the garden to bed...) so I stopped taking photos.  The oak is cut out along the outline as seen above, and then I cut out the inside to make it hollow.  The sides are about 1 inch thick.

I also attached a piezo pickup to the bottom of the soundboard and an output jack.  I also stained the neck and the sides the same colour, then varnished them so they would match.

Cut some really thin dowel to hide the screws.  Stained the fretboard.

Bent up some more brass for a tailpiece.

Glued another piece of wood on to the saddle and sanded an arch. 
To get the finish I sanded the brass with a Scotchbrite pad, then used a patina to darken the whole piece.  Then sanded off the middle and applied more patina to get the sunburst effect.  Then washed and varnished the whole thing.  I highly recommend playing around with patinas.  They are a lot of fun and you can get some nice effects.  I thought about using a torch to colour it, but didn't want to soften up the metal.

Yes, but how does it sound?  Quite good surprisingly for something that was supposed to be mainly an art piece.  Something like a cross between a Uke and a banjo.   I've got really heavy acoustic guitar strings on it so it's quite loud.  Plugged in it sounds like a really small grungy electric guitar.

Many thanks to my father in law Eric for all of the good photos.

Monday, November 8, 2010

Child-sized recumbent trike

When my first daughter was two and a half, she started showing interest in things with wheels. I was keen to get her started on a bicycle, but realized she didn't have to coordination to balance and learn to pedal at the same time. I decided to build her a recumbent trike so she would be able to get around without the risk of wiping out. I used discarded 12" kids bikes and some other recycled bits and pieces, including the rectangular tubing from an office desk for the main frame. Here are a couple of shots of the finished trike.

This is shortly after I first put it all together. It's complete and ride-able, but obviously in need of a paint job.

Here is it fully assembled after the paint job. My daughter picked the blue colour for the frame, which turned out to be challenging to photograph indoors. It looks great outside though.

The design of the trike seems to have generated a bit on interest, so here are a few photos of various parts of the trike. I took these while I was re-assembling it after painting it, so I don't have photos of all the build details, but there is probably enough to get you started on building one of your own.

Here's the frame. I built it using bits and pieces of three 12" kids bikes and a part of a discarded desk.

I made use of the existing handlebar stems for steering.

This is a picture of the steering tube. I cut almost all of the front forks off the kids bike and welded on a steering arm and wheel mounting plate. There is a left and a right version of this part.

The next two photos show the rim and part of the bearing assembly. I figured out a way to re-jig the coaster brake parts to support the axle to allow it to be mounted from one side only. supporting the wheels from one side is one of the big challenges with trikes. It just happened to work out that the existing parts could be used to create a sufficiently strong structure.

I used off-the-shelf ball joint assemblies for the steering tie-rod. These parts are the only commercial parts I had to buy for this project.

Here are two snapshots of the steering linkage on the frame. The first image shows the steering facing forward, and the second shows it turned. This demonstrates the steering geometry and the ackerman steering effect. In the first image the axles are parallel and in the second, the inner axle is turned in more than the outer, which is required to prevent the wheels from scrubbing while turning.

This is a closeup of the bearing assembly attached to the steering knuckle.

Here is the frame with the wheels mounted. There are still several components to be mounted, including seat components, bottom bracket, chain, and handlebars.

Here's a shot showing a few of the parts remaining to be mounted.

Here is the frame with most of the parts mounted. The only thing left to install is the seat webbing. The handlebars are sections of discarded floor lamp column.

Another view of the frame minus seat.

Side view of the frame minus seat webbing.

Top view minus seat webbing.

Monday, August 30, 2010

Rudder pedals on the cheap

So I wanted a set of rudder pedals for flying my pretend airplanes. Rudder pedals are expensive. Well not really, but more than the $20 I wanted to spend.

Here's my quick and dirty solution that took an hour. All the hardware comes from the local hardware store. Yes the hinges are different lengths, I didn't notice that I had bought 2 different ones till I arrived home. Doesn't seem to make too much difference, but if you make this they probably should be identical.

The joystick is attached to the plywood with Velcro and the cord is taped to the grip. Everything else is screwed to the plywood with washers.

Happy flying!

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Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Little Blue Egg

About six months ago I was at a friend's place jamming, hanging out, generally having a good time. The host said he'd throw a few wings on the big green egg for a post-jam snack. I hadn't heard of a big green egg before and so assumed he had a nickname for his BBQ, and didn't think much more about it. That changed when the wings were ready and we dug in. Admittedly my judgement may have been slightly clouded, but to me those wings were the best food I had eaten. Ever. I didn't know it at the time, but I had just been sucked into the cult of the big green egg.

Months later, still salivating over my memory of those wings, I started looking at pricing. Stunned to find the brand-name commercial eggs cost $1000-$1500, I almost dropped the idea. Not long after, I read the article on about home-brewed smokers using flower pots and electric hot plates. I was inspired! How hard could it be to go a step further and make and honest-to-goodness, charcoal burning, big green egg knockoff? As it turns out, not very hard at all. May I present the Little Blue Egg:

And now, the build log.

One of the most challenging parts of the project was finding the right size and shape of pots. I was looking for heavy-walled glazed ceramic pots, including a smaller size to fit inside the lower pot and act as a firebox. Eventually I found what I needed at Home Depot.

The pots were actually on sale, so the three pots came to about $80.

The outer pot was a '15" Pickle Pot Blossom Blue' and the inner was a 12.75" version of the same. Both were by New England Pottery. What I looked for when I bought these pots was the following:
  • Something large enough to grill a reasonable amount of food.
  • Something with a flat rim so the top and bottom pots would be stable resting on each other.
  • An inner pot that fit right down inside the outer leaving a small air gap. I was concerned that if the inner pot was too tight it might break the outer when it expanded with the heat of the fire.
  • An inner pot that was slightly shorter than the outer so it would support the grill.

I decided to use glazed pots for weather resistance. I thought it would be better if the clay stayed dry to minimize the risk of the pot shattering.

Next up: A grill. I couldn't find a round one close to the right size, so I bought a universal fit. I figured it's universal, it should be able to fit *any* size of grill, right? I should note I was a little horrified at the price of the grill - about $30! Grr. I was hoping to keep this project around $100 and my budget was already blown.

I also needed a grate to support the charcoal inside the firebox, so I scrounged an ugly old bearing mechanism from a lazy susan or office chair or something. Now the work begins.

I started by cutting the bearing apart with my angle grinder, flipping the top plate over, tack-welding it to the lower plate, and bending the tabs so it fit nicely into the inner flowerpot. Or should I say firebox.

Next up was cutting out the bottom of the firebox to allow air to enter and ash to leave. I used a diamond wheel on my 4.5" angle grinder. I already had the diamond wheel, but if I recall correctly it was about $20 at Princess Auto. I've heard Princess Auto is the Canadian version of Harbour Freight in the USA.

I was a little nervous about breaking the pot with the final removal of material, so I have a few photos as I did the cutting. First the plan:

Next, the cuts.

The moment of truth...

Next step was to test fit the firebox in the outer pot and plan on where to cut to allow air to enter.

I used my diamond hole saws ($20 for the set from Princess Auto) to add a few more air holes just above the fire grate. I don't know how necessary these are, but the big green eggs have them so I followed suit.

Things were moving right along. I cut a hole in the outer pot just large enough to insert a piece of 1.5" X 3" rectangular tubing as an air inlet.

I slid the pipe into place and traced the profile of the intersection between the inside of the pot and the pipe.

Here are my planned cut lines.

This is another test fit of the firebox into the outer just to confirm it would all go together when the air inlet pipe was put in place.

I rough-cut the tube along the pecil line, then machined the end on my milling machine so I would have a good sealing surface for my damper.

Having roughed-in the air inlet pipe and the firebox, I thought it might be about time to make the grill fit. Turns out "Universal fit" isn't all it's made out to be. I sliced and diced, bent, and re-welded the grill. You'll see the final version in a couple of photos.

At this point I was itching to find out if the flower pots would take the heat. I'm a big believer in a quick and dirty prototype before investing a lot of time finishing things. At this point I had only put in about 4 hours work and $110. If the thing was going to explode on me, I wanted to know now. I used some steel wool to plug the unwanted holes in the bottom of the lower pot. The finished grill can also be seen in this photo.

I pulled the basic supplies together, and lit the coals.

I used a chunk of angle iron as a primitive damper to control the airflow.

Prototype version of an air damper

Where there's smoke, there's fire!

I tried to warm it up slowly, but I still heard some disturbing cracks and pops from inside. I have to admit I was a little disconcerted. On further inspection though, only one crack was visible on the inner firebox. I've since used the grill 20-30 times and I haven't had any further cracking of the firebox. There is just one big crack top to bottom that opens and closes as the firebox heats up and cools down.

At this point I had hot coals for the first time, so I decided to throw a couple of burgers on for the heck of it. They cooked pretty slowly, because I was being timid with the heat, but were very tasty and juicy. So far so good!

This is as far as I got on the first night. I had put in 7 or 8 hours including the first fire test, and was very encouraged to continue.

Next up: Refinements.

I made up an inlet air damper, which ended up working quite nicely. It will form a near-perfect seal when closed and tightened down. It seems to pivot well and it's easy to control the airflow. I have a welder so I just welded a nut on the inside of the tube, and used a bolt as both a pivot and a clamp. I welded a short chunk of 1/4" rod to the top of the bolt to create a nice handle. The whole assembly is held in place with kitchen and bath silicon caulking, which is rated to 400F (204C). The outside of the base only seems to get to about 160F (70C) so I figured it would take the heat. So far so good.

I used the same concept for the exhaust damper assembly. I also added a handle to allow me to lift off the lid without gloves. While I was at it, I added a thermometer. It was a replacement part from a hardware store, and cost around $10.

I still hadn't sorted out a good gasketing system to go between the upper and lower pots, so I broke down and paid $30 for a genuine replacement big green egg gasket.

Here's the gasket in position.

This completed day 2 of working on the project. I probably put another 6-8 hours in, including cutting the hole for the exhaust damper, drilling for the thermometer, building the inlet and outlet dampers, installing the gasket.

At this point, I was pretty happy with my Little Blue Egg. The coals started easily, the food was tasty and juicy, and generally all was well except on the ergonomics front. It was a bit of a pain having the grilling surface only about 12" off the ground. Bending over to tend the food also meant smoke in the face.

I decided to put it in a proper base. I bought a cheap butcher block table from Ikea (about $50) and cut a hole in the top.

I put a couple of coats of UV resistant Spar varnish on the table to protect it from the weather. I had previously measured the outside of the egg and found that it never seemed to get over 70 degrees C, so I wasn't worried about putting it in direct contact with the wood.

And here are a few photos of some smoked salmon I made on the egg a few days ago.

Here are some ribs cooking. Mmmm, smoky.

Next up: a side wing for the table so I have a place to put a plate, and a better lid lift mechanism. Lifting the lid by hand works ok, but it's a little awkward now that the grill is up higher. I think I might also come up with a cover plate for the exposed underside of the flowerpot around the exhaust damper to make it look a little more finished.

If you made it this far, thanks for reading.